"The current state of knowledge can be summarized thus: In the beginning, there was nothing, which exploded."
— English novelist Terry Pratchett (1948-2015)

Introduction

I. History of the
Universe

1. The Big Bang
(13.8 Ga)

2. Of Quarks, Hadrons
and Photons

(13.8 Ga)

3. From Atoms to Stars
to Atoms

4. Galaxies and
Supermassive Black Holes

5. The Cosmic Web

6. The Milky Way

7. The Formation of Our
Solar System

(4.6 Ga)

8. Exoplanets

II. History of Earth
and Life

9. The Hadean Eon
(4.6 - 4.0 Ga)

10. First Life
(~3.7 Ga)

11. The Great Oxygenation
Event

(2.4 Ga)

12. Plate Tectonics

13. Paleozoic Life
(541 - 252 Ma)

14. The Age of Reptiles
(252 - 66 Ma)

15. The Age of Mammals
(since 66 Ma)

16. The Emergence of
Humans

(~2.5 Ma - 70 ka)

III. Ancient Human
History

17. The Cognitive
Revolution

(~70 - 30 ka)

18. The Agricultural
Revolution

(~10,000 BCE)

19. Ancient Mesopotamia
and Egypt

(~3200 - 539 BCE)

20. The Indo-European
Migrations

(~1500 - 800 BCE)

21. The Achaemenid
Empire

(550 - 330 BCE)

22. The First Unification
of India

(322 - 185 BCE)

23. The First Unification
of China

(221 BCE - 220 CE)

24. The Roman Empire
(27 BCE - 395 CE)

IV. Medieval Human
History

25. The Second Unification
of China

(581 - 907)

26. The Islamic Conquests
and the Abbasid Caliphate

(630 - 1258)

27. The Holy Roman
Empire

(800/962 - 1806)

28. The Mongol Conquests
(1206 - 1279)

29. The Columbian
Exchange and European
Colonialism
(1492 - 1776)

30. The Ottoman Empire
(1453 - 1922)

31. The Expansion of
Russia

(1480 - 1917)

32. The Mughal Empire
(1526 - 1857)

V. Modern Human
History

33. The Industrial
Revolution

(1760 - 1830)

34. The British Imperial
Century

(1815 - 1914)

35. The Birth of Modern
Physics

(1900 - 1928)

36. The Two World Wars
and the Cold War

(1914 - 1991)

37. The Age of Oil
(since 1870)

38. The Chinese Economic
Reforms

(since 1978)

39. The Digital Revolution
(since 1989)

40. The Anthropocene

[Ga = gigaannus (109 years), Ma = megaannus (106 years), ka = kiloannus (103 years), BCE = Before the Common Era, CE = Common Era]

Contact:   ingo.nosske@universalhistory.info